What do Magpies Eat?

by Russ on April 6, 2013

The glossy blue-green feathers of the magpie can be seen when the bird is in the sunlight.There is one common bird in our garden that never fails to split opinion. The magpie, with it’s black, white and glossy green feathers, can be seen right across our country . This relative of the crow is a highly social and intelligent bird, but it’s ASBO behaviour can puts it in many people’s bad books. But why do magpies have this aggressive reputation? To find the answer, you need to look at what the birds are eating.

Berries are a brilliant source of energy for magpies, especially during the colder months.Magpies belong to a group of birds called corvids, which includes crows, jays and magpies among others. This family of birds is among the very smartest, with magpies able to solve puzzles, mimic human speech and recognise itself in a mirror. They need this intelligence because their diet is very varied. They’ll eat berries and seeds from plants but can often be seen walking across large fields looking for insects and worms. They are also fantastic scavengers and are one of the first birds to be spotted in urban environments. This opportunistic and omnivorous diet means these birds have a better chance of enduring the harshest of seasons.

In winter, magpies form large flocks to look for food.To find their food, magpies rely on their keen senses but also each other. Magpie pairs mate for life and when they have fledged chicks, the family will spend hours searching for food in their home range. More eyes and ears are better for spotting the next meal. Although scraps may occur when something really valuable (or tasty)  is found, the benefits of family life out-way the squabbling. In winter, different flocks will even join forces to increase the chances of finding food.

Magpies will take young birds and eggs if they get the chance, but their diet is mostly vegetarian.Their varied diet does however have a darker side. In spring many smaller birds are nesting and magpies will, if given the chance, take bird eggs and also chicks from the nest. This may be one of the biggest factors for the magpie’s ‘aggressive’ reputation. It may be hard to watch when this happens in the garden, but it is all part of the ecosystem. By taking a percentage of each year’s chicks, magpies are reducing the number of birds who will become adults.

If all chicks born lived to adulthood, the hunting pressure on insects and grubs could mean that the birds would eat all available food and be left hungry. Magpie predation therefore plays it’s part in keeping the ecosystem, and all the creatures who rely upon it, in a natural balance.

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{ 5 comments… read them below or add one }

Emma Ruiz Enriquez July 18, 2013 at 12:24 pm

Hi Russ,

I have magpies in my garden and I also have cats. Is it normal for magpies to eat cat food? The seem to have found the “perfect” free-ready-to-go meal, but I’m not sure if that’s good for them. What do you think?

Thank you so much!



Russ July 23, 2013 at 11:54 am

Hi Emma,

Thanks for getting in touch. You sound like you have some very lucky magpies. The cat food is a good source of protein for them and to my knowledge there shouldn’t be anything too bad in there for them. They will naturally continue to forage for other food sources and as long as they have this mix they will have a healthy diet.

All the best,



maria mc comiskey September 7, 2013 at 2:44 pm

hello.. my dog got a baby magpie,, don’t think it is hurt bad.. its young and cant fly yet.. how r what should I try 2 feed it thank u ……… maria


alan September 27, 2013 at 4:41 pm

I was looking out of the window and saw what i thought might be a wild mushroom (some sort of agaricus). Just as i was looking and straining my eyes trying to see if it was a mushroom, a magpie came over to it, pulled it out the ground and started pecking it, so i then knew it was a mushroom, i wonder if they eat mushrooms or if it was checking for maggots!


Ivory Reynaga March 28, 2014 at 5:21 pm

Magpies are quite the interesting bird they are! Done a lot of observing of them. My favorite bird. Quite cool to now what they eat now. Thanks a bunch!


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